Renal failure is a degeneration of our kidneys. So what should we pay attention to if we suffer from kidney failure? Next, let's look at the 7 dietary concerns of patients with renal failure.
First, eat less aluminum and purine food, avoid aluminum poisoning and gout.
High aluminum diet: 1. tea; 2. cheese; 3. tea cake; 4.; 5. in containers made of aluminum cooking.
High purine diet: 1. gravy; 2. lentils; 3. concentrated broth; 4. lean meat, duck 5.; brain; 6. mushroom; 7. viscera (liver, kidney, heart); 8. sardines; 9. eel; 10. asparagus.
Second, to maintain the balance of calcium and phosphorus
Calcium and phosphorus are important minerals in the body, and the two maintain good growth of the bones and teeth and enable the muscles and nerves to function properly. Calcium deficiency, should eat milk, calcium and vitamin D, can reduce the occurrence of continued hyperparathyroidism. Phosphorus exists in all protein foods, if there is sufficient nutrition, but also reduce the phosphorus absorption, only when eating at the same time that taking aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate phosphate binder to combine food phosphorus.
Note: high phosphorus foods and products (whole grains such as brown rice, germinated rice, whole wheat bread), offal (liver, kidney and brain), nuts (peanuts, cashews, walnuts) and butter products (Hua Shengjiang), chocolate, egg yolk, milk, dairy products intake.
Third,Be careful of moisture control
When kidney failure and reduce urination, water will accumulate in the body, the cardiovascular system load increases, there will be no vitality, body weight gain, edema, cough, shortness of breath, lie down and hematocrit (Hct) decreased, and the complications of hypertension, heart failure, pericardial inflammation, and dialysis due to dehydration, too much, prone to headache, vomiting, muscle cramps, nausea and other imbalance syndrome.
Daily weight gain was less than one kilogram, while drinking water was 500~700 milliliters (ML) of the previous day's total urine volume. If the amount of urine the day before is 500ml, then 500cC + 500 (7D0) ml = 1000 to 1200ml is the amount of water that can be drunk all day long, including boiled water, porridge, milk, soup and drinks. Avoid drinking most of the water, water can gargle, chewing gum or squeeze a bit of lemon juice to reduce the feeling of thirst, as far as possible will be taking time to eat soup, reduce the amount of water.
Fourth, beware of potassium ion is too high
Because potassium ions can not be discharged by serious damage to the kidney, cause hyperkalemia, may cause finger numbness, fatigue, weakness, chest pain, stiff tongue, difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness, severe arrhythmia or cardiac arrest. Including the reasons of hyperkalemia: 1. dialysis insufficiency; 2. had no appetite; 3. constipation; high potassium intake of 4. food, high potassium content of vegetables, can be peeled and cut into small pieces, with plenty of water for 3 ~ 5 minutes to salvage, then to the oil mix or stir fry; potassium content of coffee, tea, spices and herbs the juice made high hyperkalemia.
High potassium vegetables: green leafy vegetables (such as spinach, amaranth, spinach, lettuce), mushrooms, seaweed, kelp, carrot, potato.
High potassium fruits: bananas, tomatoes, dates, oranges, oranges, mango, persimmon, muskmelon, grapefruit, Carambola (easy to burp), it is recommended that each with a fruit weight, about 1 / 6.
Low potassium fruit: pineapple, papaya, watermelon, water pear, strawberry, lemon and so on, but also should not eat a lot.
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