What are the basic symptoms of renal failure?

What are the basic symptoms of renal failure?

1. Progressive loss of renal function is a manifestation of renal failure, but this is more abstract. In fact, the clinical manifestations of renal failure can be seen on the surface, which provides some diagnostic evidence for the timely detection of the disease. What are the clinical manifestations of renal failure? Now let's answer it.
What are the clinical manifestations of general renal failure?
1) Bone fracture
Renal failure results in an active vitamin D3 that regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus and reduces the risk of fractures.
2)Hypoglycemia
When renal failure fails to effectively kill insulin in the body, some people with high blood sugar levels experience hypoglycemia. This is a common clinical manifestation of renal failure, and diabetes is especially important.
3)Anemia
This is a common clinical manifestation of renal failure, but is easily overlooked. Kidney failure causes erythropoietin to decrease, the patient can produce the symptom such as anaemic whole body fatigue.
4)Nose bleeding
Renal failure causes coagulation dysfunction and causes frequent nosebleeds. This is the most easily overlooked clinical manifestation of renal failure, which is often attributed to him.
5)Heart failure
In patients with renal failure, toxins and acidosis in the body inhibit the contractile and diastolic properties of cardiomyocytes, thereby inducing heart failure.
6)Male "female"
When kidney failure, the kidney can not inactivate female hormones in the body, many male patients will appear breast enlargement, hair loss and other female symptoms.
How is kidney failure treated?
1 ) conservative treatment
If the acute attack, to seriously control the potassium in drugs and food, but also to control infection, remove necrotic tissue, to avoid losing old inventory retention of blood, correct acidosis, to prevent hyperkalemia appear.
2 ) blood purification treatment
Dialysis, which is the most important treatment, has two dialysis methods, peritoneal dialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is a frequently used treatment, but peritoneal dialysis is used in some patients with low blood pressure, bleeding, and poor vascular condition.
3) anti infection treatment
Infection is an important factor in the pathogenesis of acute tubular necrosis, and therefore control of infection. The use of drugs should be strong antibacterial effect, low renal toxicity, but the drug dose was adjusted according to renal function; many drugs can be excluded by dialysis, dialysis should be added after the dialysis dose lost; the high rate of many drugs and plasma protein binding, not by dialysis should be excluded, more concentration to adjust the dose of drugs, in order to avoid toxicity.
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