Why hypertension can lead to kidney failure?

Why hypertension can lead to kidney failure?

Why hypertension can lead to kidney failure? Hypertension (high blood pressure) is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. In fact, hypertension and kidney affect each other. Here we will talk about the reason why hypertension causes kidney failure and what should patients with the notification of high blood pressure.

As we all know, our kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from the blood, which is a process depending on the healthy blood vessels. Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause arteries around the kidneys to narrow, loosen or harden. These damaged arteries are not able to supply enough blood to the kidney tissue.

Each nephron receives blood supply through tiny hair, like capillaries, which are the smallest of all blood vessels. When arteries are damaged by hypertension, nephrons do not receive significant oxygen and nutrients. In addition, the kidneys lose the ability to filter blood and regulate hormones, acids, salts and fluids in the body.

Healthy kidneys produce a hormone to help the body regulate their own blood pressure. Kidney damage and uncontrolled hypertension each contribute to a negative spiral. As more and more arteries become blocked and stop functioning, the kidneys eventually fail. This process can take several years.

After hypertension causes kidney failure, patients are recommended either dialysis or kidney transplant. In fact, hypertensive nephropathy and kidney failure can be prevented in patients with hypertension, and if renal failure has already occurred, patients should be aware that treatment like damage to the kidneys and hypertension is equally important.

To prevent renal failure from hypertension:

1. Try to have blood pressure monitored.

2. Make sure that you get your blood pressure checked on a regular basis.

3. Eat the right food.

4. Get moderate physical activity, such as walking, 30 minutes a day.

5. Take the medicine your doctor prescribes.

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