Renal failure refers to renal failure, chronic and acute. Patients with renal failure are often accompanied by hypertension, anemia, water and electrolyte imbalances and other symptoms. In recent years, the number of patients with renal failure has increased, in addition to the factors leading to the pressure of life, bad eating habits is also one of the incentives.
Eat too much, the burden on the kidneys, a lot of people with kidney disease are unknowingly eat out. The kidney is an important organ responsible for the excretion of waste and toxins in the body. Eating too much will increase the burden on the kidneys, long-term high load of work, the kidneys naturally easy to fall ill.
Eat too salty is easy to lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a systemic disease, which is often associated with kidney disease". In recent years, the incidence of renal damage caused by hypertension is rising. Therefore, daily life should adhere to the salt diet, daily intake of salt should be 5 to 6 grams more appropriate.
Too sweet, over oil
Eat too sweet, too much oil will not only increase the burden on the kidneys, but also lead to obesity. Obesity can lead to an increase in kidney fat content, weight gain, volume, glomerular hypertrophy. Obese patients are also prone to insulin resistance, which leads to diabetes. About 40% of all diabetic patients develop diabetic nephropathy, which is one of the most difficult to treat kidney disease.
Excessive intake of protein
Protein eating too much, will lead to increased blood uric acid levels in the body, causing hyperuricemia. The increase of serum uric acid concentration is very toxic to the kidney, which can easily lead to the occurrence of renal tubule and renal interstitial lesions.
How to treat the patients with renal failure
The water intake: if excessive intake of water, the kidney can not be eliminated, there will be edema or caused by heart failure, therefore water control is a very important issue, the doctor will case urine volume, or dialysis to exclude water, to determine the amount of water intake will generally be in accordance with the urine the amount of the previous day plus 500-750c.c.
Limiting potassium intake: the accumulation of potassium in the body can cause muscle weakness, severe cases can lead to heart failure resulting in heart failure.
Protein restriction: no dialysis patients with kidney will not produce protein metabolism after waste discharge, the renal failure situation is more serious, therefore, would suggest reduced protein intake; but if dialysis, it should be noted that in the dialysis will cause the loss of body protein, so it must be with the dietitian in order to maintain the body needs.
Limit sodium intake: due to the high content of sodium salt, in patients with renal failure if there is too much sodium, will cause the body's water retention, resulting in heart failure and exacerbation of renal failure. But do not use low sodium salt, due to low sodium salt containing high potassium ions.
Limit the intake of phosphorus: due to excessive phosphorus in the body will cause the loss of calcium, so doctors will use drugs to help control the phosphorus content in the blood, to prevent the formation of osteoporosis.
3 dietary attention in patients with renal failure
Diet should be light, avoid spicy spicy food
Patients with chronic renal failure, uremia, gastrointestinal mucosa often showed congestion, erosion state, such as eating chili, liquor and other irritating foods, often aggravate gastrointestinal mucosal erosion, leading to the infiltration of blood vessels.
Eat dog, sheep, beef and other meat products should be cautious
Chinese medicine, dog meat, mutton and beef as volatiles, easy to cause disease recurrence or exacerbation, did see systemic lupus erythematosus or renal failure in patients with chronic nephritis caused by eating beef and mutton after illness and finally died clinically, whether coincidence remains to be seen, but in patients with chronic renal failure or not eating meat products such as well.
Ruanshi should avoid hard food and fried food
In patients with chronic renal failure due to toxins in the body and cause retention of blood microcirculation caused by gastrointestinal mucosa often showed hyperemia and erosions, such as eating hard foods, fried foods such as sugar, fried sesame cake doughnuts, often cause food in the stomach through the blood vessels and cause bleeding. Due to chronic renal failure, uremia patients with coagulation disorders, bleeding is difficult, will lead to death.
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