First, the intake of high-quality protein
Patients with renal failure, absorb the demand constraints of protein, in order to reduce the burden of kidney, but if you eat large and small, consume muscle and visceral body arrangement, so it is necessary to have accurate and meet the "quantity" and "quality" of the protein content should be daily per kilogram of body weight 1 ~ 1.2 grams, from animal protein food quality and physiological high value.
Two, absorb the heat
In order to avoid the shortage of heat absorption, when the protein is absorbed, it will increase the production of nitrogenous waste, so that it can make up for the food with high calorie and low protein. Vegetable oils such as soybean, peanut oil, low protein starch such as: Elizabeth, whiting, lotus root starch, and sugar such as sugar, honey, ginger, sugar, fruit sugar, to produce all kinds of delicious snacks, the heat absorbed by every 30 ~ 40 kcal per kilogram of body weight, avoid too much weight loss.
Three, beware of water loss
When kidney failure and reduce urination, water will accumulate in the body and cardiovascular system load increases, there will be no vitality, body weight gain, edema, cough, shortness of breath, lie down and hematocrit Hct decreased, and the complications of hypertension, heart failure, pericarditis, and dialysis due to dehydration, excessive, easy to attack headache, vomiting, nausea, muscle cramps and imbalance syndrome.
Four, pay attention to the salt control
Unable to discharge water, salt renal failure, simple cause edema and aggravate hypertension. Patients a day should not exceed 5 grams of edible salt. 1 grams of 1/5 tea soup salt =6/5 tea soup soy sauce =1 tea soup MSG, so the seasoning contains salt do not arbitrarily increase.
Five, to prevent excessive potassium
Because potassium ions can not be discharged by the severe damage of the kidney, can cause hyperkalemia, may form a finger numbness, fatigue, weakness, chest pain, tongue stiff and tough talk, unconsciousness, severe arrhythmia or heart stop.
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