chronic renal failure stage 3 is the strict diet ? Diet modulation is the basis of all drug treatment, chronic renal failure in patients with treatment is a very important part of the principle. It not only allows patients to maintain a good nutritional status, but also to delay the progress of renal failure to prevent and reduce renal failure caused by metabolic disorders, delayed into the dialysis time and reduce the number of dialysis. So, what is the good diet for patients with stage 3 chronic renal failure?
Chronic kidney failure diet should be light, should be soft food, avoid eating hard food and fried, spicy spicy food, such as sesame cake sugar, fried noodles, peppers, liquor, etc., at the same time, should not eat high protein content of seawater And meat, such as sea cucumber, mud carp, croaker, tiger fish, mandarin fish, ham, chicken, chicken, pigeon meat, quail, bird meat, etc .; eating dogs, sheep, cattle and other meat products should be careful. In addition, the Xi'an Tongji Hospital Nephrology experts warm reminder: chronic renal failure patients need to clear the following diet:
★ high-quality low-protein diet: milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, etc., they contain more essential amino acids for the body needs. And rich in vegetable protein foods such as peanuts, beans and products (tofu, tofu, soy milk, hull, etc.) to be used with caution.
★ supplement the heat: the patient should be a daily heat supply of not less than 30kcal / kg. Edible vegetable oil and sugar, because the rice and the surface also contains poor protein, so encourage patients to eat more sweet potatoes, taro, potatoes, yam powder, lotus root starch and so on. At the same time should also pay attention to the supply of vitamin C, B vitamins, folic acid and iron-containing foods. Daily calorie intake recommendations: 35 to 45 kcal per kilogram of body weight.
★ low-salt diet: patients with chronic renal failure according to the disease can limit the sodium salt intake in 2 ~ 3g / d. Salt, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, tomato sauce, sand tea sauce, etc. contain a lot of sodium, processing and pickled canned sodium is also a lot. Therefore, daily life as far as possible the choice of natural food, cooking can use more sugar, white vinegar, onions, ginger, garlic, spiced, cinnamon, pepper, parsley, increase the palatability of food.
★ limit the amount of water: If the discharge of urine decreased, the mouth into the liquid retention in the body, causing the body edema, blood pressure, and even pulmonary edema. At this point, you must limit the daily intake of liquid, usually the amount of oral intake of liquid is about equal to the amount of urine plus 500cc is appropriate.
★ limit potassium: potassium intake, as long as the urine output is greater than 1000ml generally do not need to limit. When the high potassium is high, should not use high potassium foods such as seaweed, winter bamboo shoots, spinach, snow red, cornmeal, mushrooms, cauliflower, spinach, spinach, bamboo shoots, carrots, mustard, fan pomegranate, loquat, hard persimmon Banana, longan, etc .; other there are coffee, tea, chicken, bovine essence, ginseng fine, thick broth, thin salt soy sauce, salt-free soy sauce, salt, salt and so on.
★ restrictions on phosphorus ions: In addition to taking phosphorus binding agent, the higher phosphorus content of food, such as dairy products, soft drinks, cola, yeast, viscera, dried beans, whole grains (brown rice, whole wheat bread), eggs , Small fish dry should be careful to avoid eating more. Chronic renal failure hyperuricemia, diet should be strictly controlled high purine food, such as milk, egg yolk, animal offal, bone marrow, seafood and so on.
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