1, intake of water
A variety of kidney disease due to different causes, different course of disease, treatment measures are not the same. In mild renal failure, the renal function of concentration decreased, metabolic products need more water can be discharged from the kidney, therefore, kidney disease such as no obvious edema, heart failure, hypertension, should not blindly limit water. Special reminder is that those patients with chronic renal failure, do not think that renal failure has to be strictly limited to water, if the excessive water restriction will aggravate the deterioration of renal function.
2, to avoid
Should pay attention to not eat salty class (including pickled), do not eat spicy class (including pepper, wine, shrimp, crab, etc.) do not eat contaminated (including rotten leftovers, etc.), do not eat barbecue, and renal dysfunction or uremia should also pay attention to beans and its products do not eat, limiting animal foods high in protein, greasy foods etc..
3, good rest
Pay attention to rest, avoid physical activity and severe abdominal trauma, kidney swelling obviously should use a sling instead of a belt, so as to avoid cyst rupture; half a review (including blood pressure, urine routine, renal function and ultrasound); to avoid all the renal toxicity of drugs; relatives (parents, siblings and children) for ultrasonic examination.
4, control salt
Control of salt, according to the patient's condition and the degree of renal function adjustment, not all patients with chronic renal insufficiency should be strictly limited salt.
5, no partial eclipse
Grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, cattle, sheep, pig lean meat, eggs, milk, fish and shrimp can be eaten.
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