Recently, with a number of patients consulting we found that the misdiagnosis and mistreatment of renal cysts is very common, this article describes the problems related to renal cysts. In fact, many diseases can caused renal cysts only a minority of them are polycystic kidney.
1 isolated renal cyst: the most common seen in clinical, only inpidual kidney cyst, the best prognosis, but the cause is difficult to determine. once in the past there is kidney stone blocking the calyces export caused, generally only need puncture treatment when observed with no more than 10 cm or infection and hemorrhage. Pay attention to prevention and treatment of kidney stones, if it is caused by the obstruction, just to find out why stones, kidney stones are the most common cause of hyperlithuria (not necessarily the blood uric acid, blood uric acid, or even lower) hypercalciuria, or hyperoxaluria, the disease can damage another the kidney caused kidney damage, which is the main control of hyperuricosuria, adhere to exercise every day, do not eat offal, shrimp, crab, asparagus, bamboo shoots, spinach, leek, broccoli, spinach, don't drink beer. Be sure to drink plenty of water.
2 multiple renal cysts: commonly seen in clinical , many causes, often misdiagnosed as polycystic kidney. However, multiple renal cysts are generally not more than 5 cysts of a kidney, which is the biggest difference with polycystic kidney. The disease needs to check the cause of disease prevention and control. Most of the etiology is unknown, generally only need to observe, only in the greater than 10 cm or position is too shallow to be susceptible to trauma, or infection bleeding need to puncture treatment. There is no effective treatment, do not be deceived.
3 congenital renal dysplasia: clinically often misdiagnosed as polycystic kidney disease, the majority of congenital renal dysplasia is unilateral, although a few patients of renal damage, but with a significant expansion of the renal pelvis and calyces as features, which is not characteristic of polycystic kidney.
4 polycystic kidney disease: a congenital disease, compared to the first three kind of renal cyst is rare, there are definitely more than 5, each kidney cyst and cyst is absolutely not the same size, which is the cyst, there are a lot of small cysts. This is not a significant difference between the renal pelvis and the renal pelvis, which is also a significant difference from the congenital renal dysplasia described above. The vast majority of polycystic kidney disease after 50 years of age into the kidney failure uremia. There are currently no effective treatments, although few studies have shown that low protein diets and RAS inhibitors can slow the development, but lack sufficient evidence.
5 manifestations of cystic renal tumors: B ultrasound and CT is very easy to identify. If so, you must ask a doctor to treat.
6 a family of congenital renal disease: a congenital disease, but not all families in the incidence, rare. Most of the children showed proteinuria and hyponatremia, often misdiagnosed as chronic nephritis. Ultrasound or CT showed multiple renal cyst and polycystic kidney disease, easy to confuse, but most of the disease will enter uremia in children period is more serious than that of polycystic kidney, polycystic kidney in 50 years after entering uremia.
7 medullary sponge kidney: a congenital disease, rare, B ultrasound or CT display multiple cysts of the kidney medulla, often misdiagnosed as polycystic kidney. But it is easy to see the true experience of B ultrasound doctors, most of the children into uremia.
8 renal pelvic lymphatic cyst: when the pressure system will cause obstruction, severe renal failure, the need for surgical treatment.
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