Etiology and symptoms of renal anemia

Etiology and symptoms of renal anemia

 

Nephropathy is becoming one of the people often need to guard against the disease, a kind of renal anemia is worthy of attention, what is renal anemia, chronic renal insufficiency to end-stage common complications related to the degree of the degree of anemia often with reduced kidney function.

   Renal anemia is the main cause of chronic renal failure in the kidney and the secretion of erythropoietin deficiency. About 90% of erythropoietin in human body is produced by kidney, which plays an important role in regulating the normal pision, development and maturation of red blood cells. In the case of chronic renal failure, with the destruction of the kidney, the kidney and the secretion of erythropoietin will be reduced, leading to renal anemia. But natural erythropoietin deficiency is not the only reason for renal anemia, many other factors are also involved in or promote renal anemia, such as shortening the life of red blood cells, iron deficiency, folic acid deficiency, malnutrition, chronic inflammation, chronic blood loss (via the gastrointestinal tract missing), severe hyperparathyroidism, aluminum poisoning and hypothyroidism.

   Renal anemia can cause a series of adverse consequences, affecting almost every organ system in the body. In the field of cardiovascular disease, cardiac enlargement, cardiac hypertrophy caused by increased incidence of cardiovascular events (such as coronary events, heart failure and cerebral infarction), congestive heart failure and death is all speculation factors; accelerate the deterioration of renal function and lead to cognitive dysfunction;; menstrual disorders, sexual dysfunction; immune function decline; influence of the quality of life, death and increased hospitalization time etc.. So, please do not forget to check the kidney when anemia..

  So the patients should rest, avoid fatigue and cold, prevent skin and oral infection, emotional stability, diet should be adequate to the low protein content, but higher quality (high quality animal protein), in order to avoid the vegetable protein (such as soybean) diet, water swelling to limit salt intake. The amount of water should be serious restrictions.

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