First, the prevention of colds
Once the patient has a cold, will cause more immune damage to the kidneys with polycystic kidney and kidney damage, which can worsen the deterioration of kidney damage and accelerate the progress of kidney injury.
Second, to prevent trauma
Any slight trauma, such as sprains, bruises, falls, etc. will increase the abdominal pressure or external force directly on the impact of swollen cysts, to promote a high internal pressure of the cyst rupture, bleeding, easily induced infection.
Third, control blood pressure
Polycystic kidney disease in patients with renal damage before the emergence of high blood pressure, the emergence of high blood pressure will accelerate the damage of renal function, while high blood pressure will be on the heart and cerebrovascular damage, so control the blood pressure to delay the deterioration of renal function , To prevent complications is essential.
Fourth, control diet
A reasonable diet for patients with polycystic kidney disease is important for controlling the progression of kidney failure. The use of low-salt diet 2 to 3 grams per day consumption of salt is appropriate, eat less potassium, phosphorus, low-protein diet, low-fat diet, eat rich in crude fiber diet, keep stool smooth.
Five, to maintain good mood
Patients should pay attention to regulate emotions, maintain a good mood, and actively face the disease.
The above is an introduction to polycystic kidney disease nursing care, and it is helpful for you. Nursing work is very helpful to the prognosis of the patients.
Beijing In China