As we all know, polycystic kidney disease is a highly hereditary kidney disease. The disease is often pided into two types: adult polycystic kidney disease and infantile polycystic kidney disease (autosomal recessive inheritance). So, how to prevent these types of polycystic kidney? How early detect it? Adult polycystic kidney is also known as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease; the disease usually occurs at the age of 30-50. Adult polycystic kidney disease is more common, with the incidence of 1/1000 to 2/1000, and 5%-10% of end-stage renal failure. The patient often shows bilateral renal enlargement, and the formation of multiple fluid cysts in the cortex and medulla and induce secondary renal damage. It can involve many systems, such as digestive system, cardio cerebral vascular system, central nervous system, reproductive system, formation of hepatic cyst, splenic cyst, intracranial aneurysm, abnormal cardiac valve, etc..
What's polycystic kidney disease and kidney failure? Most of the polycystic kidney disease is congenital genetic disease, early cyst is smaller, without obvious symptoms, until the cyst continues to increase, obviously squeezing surrounding tissue of the kidney cyst, symptoms will appear. Early symptoms generally includes low back pain, and occasionally hematuria or pyelonephritis. At this time the disease also often ignored by patients; they do not take any measures to treat. When the cyst is more and more, putting more and more pressure on renal tissue, came to renal failure, renal cells continue to be damaged, emerge tissue fibrosis. What's polycystic kidney disease and kidney failure? The development of polycystic kidney into renal dysfunction is often due to the lacking of timely treatment and lacking of early attention. ADPKD is the whole kidney covered with large and small cysts, these cysts may increase with age and grow up, it will oppress the kidney, bring damage to the kidney structure, reduce the number of units to produce urine and do damage to the kidney, then the kidney can not maintain the normal physiological needs of people, then there will be uremia.
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