Polycystic kidney disease (PCOS) is a congenital hereditary disease. In the course of polycystic kidney disease, it occurs mainly in bilateral kidneys. There are more or less fluid cysts of different sizes, which leads to the obvious enlargement of the kidney and the abnormal shape of the kidney. Cysts increase with age. Finally, kidney failure may be caused by severe destruction of the renal tissue.
The treatment for polycystic kidney failure, there is no effective cure, but mainly because of active treatment and early prevention of polycystic kidney complications and development, to protect the survival of renal function, to avoid further damage of kidney function. As long as we can receive proper and reasonable treatment, the clinical symptoms and renal function of the majority of the patients can be controlled or improved, so that the condition is relatively stable, the quality of life is improved, and the life span is prolonged.
Early detection of the disease: according to statistics, polycystic kidney disease h
as a genetic predisposition to 60%-70%, men and women are generally equal opportunities for illness. So, in a family with a family history of polycystic kidney disease, many people are at the same time ill. Because polycystic kidney disease generally begins to show symptoms at age 25-35, some patients have been found even after symptoms of renal failure. Therefore, for those who have a family history of polycystic kidney disease, it is necessary to do regular screening and regular follow-up for early detection and timely treatment. At present, the commonly used B ultrasound, CT, MRI (magnetic resonance) and other means of examination can be made for the diagnosis of polycystic kidney disease. Serum creatinine and urea nitrogen can reflect the extent of renal damage and the stage of development of the disease, so it should be checked regularly. Genetic diagnosis can be used to understand the genetic status of the fetus in early pregnancy, and it will be helpful to improve the rate of eugenics.
Early prevention and treatment of complications: hypertension, urinary tract infection and cyst rupture are common complications of polycystic kidney disease, and are also important factors to induce and aggravate renal impairment, and must be treated and controlled in time. With the great but in the process, should pay attention to avoid kidney toxicity. If hematuria occurs, or severe lumbago, abdominal pain and so on, it may be caused by cyst infection, accompanied by bleeding or cyst rupture. It is necessary to go to the hospital in time, so as not to delay the disease and aggravate renal failure.
Renal cyst puncture and drainage treatment: renal cyst puncture and drainage treatment is a common treatment method in recent years. It is suitable for various types of renal cyst disease. The purpose is to eliminate or alleviate the oppression of renal tissue around cyst, restore the renal blood flow, protect and improve the renal function by puncturing the cyst. At the same time also has good curative effect on cyst infection, hemorrhage, empyema. The advantage of renal cyst puncture and drainage is that the operation is simple, the tissue damage is small, the patient has less pain, and can be repeated many times, so it has become one of the important methods for the treatment of renal cyst.
Family nursing and rehabilitation: polycystic kidney failure is a chronic disease development, often due to excessive fatigue or mood swings, improper diet, trauma and excerbations falls. Therefore, patients with polycystic kidney failure should maintain a comfortable mood, work and rest, and establish confidence in the fight against disease, and cooperate with the treatment. In the diet should be light and fresh, nutritious, fresh fruit, proper control of protein intake, eat less cold fatness or spicy food, quit alcohol, maintain defecate unobstructed. When hypertension swelling is obvious, should limit the sodium salt ingestion. May participate in some recreational activities appropriately, but should prevent the waist, the abdomen extrusion collision, in order to avoid the cyst rupture hemorrhage. The patient needs bed rest.