Children with polycystic kidney like renal medicine, Department of Urology, infantile polycystic kidney is urine liquid containing countless cysts in the renal cortex and medulla, diffuse distribution. The two is a genetic form of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, more than in the adult stage before the onset of symptoms, but also symptoms appeared in the newborn, used to call this type of adult; another type for autosomal recessive type, in the past called infantile is born with symptoms, or even death in the neonatal period. So, pay attention to.
1 polycystic kidney disease in children is mainly gene deletion. The adult polycystic kidney is often due to deletion of chromosome, the inpidual is due to deletion of chromosome, the chromosome deletion single parent will make their children had half of the possibility of genetic diseases, so, need to check in advance.
2 renal cysts derived from the epithelial structure of the kidney, mainly in the renal tubules and bursa of Fabricius, all renal cysts have some common structural components, including the upper cortex, the expansion of the cyst containing glomerular filtrate. Can also occur in older children and adults. Children are the main.
3 double kidney increased significantly, to maintain the normal shape, smooth surface, but the pision of fetal kidney leaves than in the normal kidney is more obvious, because of the renal cortex and medulla were small cyst invasion, so cut a sponge or honeycombing, histological examination, renal parenchyma and renal surface is most long cyst at right angles instead.
Mainly used for the treatment of acute pyelonephritis complicated with urinary tract infection control. For the purpose of prevention. Treatment of renal insufficiency, dialysis and kidney transplantation if necessary. At present, the adequacy and inpidualization of modern dialysis technology have made the prognosis of patients with polycystic kidney disease very well.
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