Sodium is a trace element in our body is indispensable, when we lack of sodium caused the possibility of kidney disease is very large, first of all suggest that patients reduce protein intake, while reducing the burden on the kidneys. Also note the following dietary treatment of chronic kidney disease.
In limiting the protein principle, protein intake is limited, likely to cause lack of heat, so that the body protein consumption, increased urea, body weight loss resistance is poor, so you must eat more calories, very low protein foods (such as sugar: Sugar, sweet, honey, fructose and the like; vegetable oils and protein powders such as Chengfen, corn flour, lotus root starch, winter flour, sago, flour, etc.). Daily calorie intake recommendations: 35-45 kcal per kg body weight.
Sodium in the body to regulate the balance of water and muscle activity, when the renal insufficiency, the body may not be able to discharge too much sodium, causing hypertension, edema, ascites, hydronephrosis, increasing the burden on the heart, as time goes by Cause heart failure. Salt, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, tomato sauce, sardine sauce, black vinegar, miso, etc. contain a large amount of sodium, processing and preserved canned sodium content is not less, so try to use natural foods daily life, cooking can be more use of sugar , White vinegar, onion, ginger, garlic, spiced, cinnamon, pepper, coriander, lemon and other foods to make other flavors, increase food palatability.
Potassium is widely found in meat, dark green vegetables and fruits, dried beans. Poor kidney function may not be effective in removing excess potassium. Excessive potassium levels can cause severe cardiac conduction and contractions, and may even cause death. When the diet should limit the potassium ions, should be less use of high potassium content of vegetables and fruits. Such as mushrooms, amaranth, cauliflower, spinach, spinach, bamboo shoots, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkin, mustard, pomegranate, loquat, peach, orange, persimmon, orange, Shakya, etc., and to avoid raw vegetables; other such as coffee, Concentrated tea, chicken, cow's milk, ginseng essence, thick broth, thin salt soy sauce, salt-free soy sauce, half salt, salt and other potassium content is also high. When cooking, the food first boiled hot, remove the soup and then fried with oil, can reduce the amount of potassium intake.
Nephropathy patients not only in the diet should pay attention to the intake of sodium should also pay attention to the usual amount of drinking water, lack of water can not maintain our body of water, if excessive water supply will make the patients with kidney disease more serious condition, for which we Must pay attention to kidney disease.
Beijing In China