What are the early characteristics of nephritis?
Edema: edema is a common symptom of chronic kidney disease, but not the only symptom. For edema or common in many patients, the swelling position is generally, eyelids, calves, ankle serious visible ascites and so on. For chronic nephritis swelling is generally two reasons, one is caused by protein loss, there is decreased glomerular filtration rate, water and sodium retention tissue gap in the water can not be due to timely discharge.
Fatigue: In fact, the performance of chronic kidney disease is the earliest "signal" one of them, but because fatigue is a common performance in life learning, no one or we tend to ignore the weak performance, suggesting that the recent occasional edema, often weak , Physical decline, timely hospital examination.
Foam urine: there is mainly foam because there is protein in the urine, and protein loss is related to the urine protein should increase the liquid surface tension, all nephritis and kidney disease patients will appear foam urine, characterized by a long time bubble The
Hypertension: high blood pressure is one of the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in the elderly, for some young people will appear unexplained high blood pressure, the incidence also need to have a relationship with the kidney, mainly because of renal parenchymal lesions and Renal artery disease caused by elevated blood pressure.
Nephritis patients daily attention
Note that rest: chronic nephritis patients should be in bed during the onset of rest, especially in patients with severe or severe edema. Because bed rest, both to increase diuretic, but also reduce heart failure, hypertensive encephalopathy and other dangerous complications, not to further deterioration of renal function. However, if the patients with chronic nephritis in the recovery period, should gradually increase the activity, so that muscle gradually returned to normal. Because of long lying, can weaken the physical strength, resistance decreased. If necessary, take some measures to enhance physical fitness such as radio, tai chi, etc., to improve the body defense function.
Pay attention to changes in weather: chronic nephritis in life, should always pay attention to changes in climate, indoor and clothing should be warm, because the cold can cause renal arteriovenous spasm, increased renal ischemia and hypoxia, so that deterioration of renal function. In addition, chronic nephritis patients pay attention to personal hygiene, keep the skin clean, to reduce the incidence of skin diseases. At the same time, should pay attention to prevent respiratory infections, including pharyngitis, tonsillitis and so on.
Avoid infection: to prevent infection is a chronic nephritis patient attention to the more important one. Chronic nephritis has the characteristics of recurrent disease, and infection is often caused by chronic nephritis recurrent, proteinuria, occult blood repeated, and may deteriorate the culprit.
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