Edema: When the cold symptoms occur 2 weeks later, found on the eyelid, facial edema, should be timely treatment. Kidney due to pathological damage and edema symptoms, the light only face, eyelid and lower extremity edema, severe throughout the body, accompanied by pleural effusion, ascites.
Hypertension: kidney disease associated with high blood pressure, its causes are as follows: due to decreased glomerular filtration rate, increased reabsorption, resulting in water and sodium retention; renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is activated. When the mild increase in blood pressure when the patient almost no symptoms, and therefore must not rely on a blood pressure to measure blood pressure to make a judgment. Most patients with hypertension have high blood pressure, systolic blood pressure at 150-180 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure at 90.120 mm Hg, more performance for headache, head up, insomnia, memory loss. Ocular examination can be seen eye hemorrhage, bleeding, optic disc edema.
Urine abnormalities: nephritis may occur early hematuria, proteinuria, etc., the majority of patients should pay close attention to the urine color, smell, quantity, nature and other changes. Urine red or brown, may occur hematuria Most patients with less bleeding within the urine, the naked eye can not see the color, only in the microscopic examination found that the number of red blood cells beyond the normal number, found in the physical examination. Therefore, the need for regular physical examination. Proteinuria refers to the urine containing protein. Whether the urine protein, because no change in urine color is often not easy to be found. But urination when urinary foam can be used as a rough judge proteinuria reference standard. Normal urine output is 1500 to 2000 ml / day. Normal fresh urine has a weak aroma.
Anemia: anemia is a chronic renal dysfunction symptoms, severe renal unit damage, erythropoietin reduction, moderate to severe renal anemia can occur, the performance of fatigue, fatigue, loss of appetite and so on.
Fever: sudden fever more than 39 ℃, mostly in renal disease acute pyelonephritis, manifested as high fever, chills, bloating, low back pain.
Waist and abdomen severe pain: more common in kidney stones and ureteral stones. When the stones or blood clots from the renal pelvis to the ureteral movement caused by spasticity when the pain is particularly severe, the pain can walk along the ureter to the lower abdomen and femoral medial radiation. In short, early symptoms of kidney disease are generally rare, so regular physical examination, while urine tests and blood pressure measurements, so that early detection of kidney disease.
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